Part 3
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Communication 덧글 0 | 조회 497 | 2016-11-15 00:00:00
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Communication

1.  What are the differences between face-to-face communication and telephone      communication?

   대면 의사소통과 통화의 차이는 뭔가요?



What are the advantages of face-to-face communication in comparison to telephone communication, and vice versa?

 Remember, you don’t have to say which one you prefer – just discuss the differences.


통화와 비교해서 대면 의사소통이 가지는 장점은 무엇이고 대면 의사소통에 비해 통화가 가지는 장점은 무엇인가요?

무엇을 더 선호하는지에 대해서는 이야기할 필요가 없습니다. 차이에 대해서만 이야기 하세요.




2. Do you think that people become better communicators as they get older?

    사람들이 나이가 들어가면서 의사소통이 원활해질 것이라고 생각하나요?



What skills do people need to be effective communicators? D

o we gain these skills as we age, or do we lose them?

Are there factors other than age that affect how talented we are at conversation and communication?


효과적으로 의사소통하기 위해서 사람들에게 필요한 능력은 무엇인가요?

나이가 들어가면서 이런 능력을 습득하나요 아니면 잃게 되나요?

나이 외에 이런 요인들이 사람들이 얼마나 대화와 의사소통에 능한지에 영향을 주나요?




3. Do you agree that education has a strong effect on people’s ability to communicate        effectively?

     여러분은 교육이 사람들이 효과적으로 의사 소통하는 능력에 강하게 영향을 준다고 생각하나요?


Think of your ideas for question two.

Do school and university help us to develop communication skills, and if so, how?

 Remember that communication includes writing, not just speaking.


2번 문제에서 생각해봤던 아이디어를 떠올려 보세요.

학교와 대학이 의사소통 능력을 키우는데 도움을 주나요?

그렇다면 어떻게 도움을 주나요? 의사소통은 말하기뿐 아니라 쓰기도 포함한다는 걸 기억하세요.




4. What makes someone a good conversationalist?

    어떤 요인이 달변가를 만드나요?



What skills or characteristics do we need to have interesting or rewarding conversations?


흥미롭거나 의미 있는 대화를 하기 위해 어떤 능력이나 특징이 필요하나요?




5. How can people improve their conversation skills?

   사람들은 어떻게 의사 소통능력을 키우나요?



What’s the best way to improve any skill?

 Perhaps you could give a personal example in order to extend your answer to this question.


어떤 능력을 키우기 위한 최고의 방법은 무엇인가요?

이 질문에 대답하기 위해 개인적인 경험을 이야기해도 좋습니다.




6. Do you agree that some people use technology to communicate too much?

   여러분은 사람들이 의사 소통하는데 기술을 너무 많이 사용하고 있다고 생각하나요?



What disadvantages are there to using technology to communicate instead of face-to-face communication? What disadvantages are there to using technology in general?


대면 의사 소통하는 대신 기술에 의존해 대화하는 것에 어떤 단점이 있나요?

 일반적으로 기술을 사용하는 것에는 어떤 단점이 있나요?





7. What are the differences between the attitudes of the older and younger generation towards  communication technology?

   의사 소통기술에 대한 젊은 세대와 기성 세대의 태도에 어떤 차이가 있나요?



Why do young people often find it easier and more advantageous to use communication technology?


왜 많은 젊은 사람들이 의사소통 기술을 사용하는 것이 더 쉽고 이점이 많다고 생각하나요?





8. How will people communicate in the future?

    미래에 사람들은 어떻게 의사 소통할까요?



How have our means of communication changed in the past few decades?

 Can you make predictions for the future based on these changes?


지난 수십 년간 통신 수단은 어떻게 변모해 왔나요?

 그러한 변화에 근거하여 미래를 예측해 볼 수 있나요?







< Sample answer >

  1. What are the differences between face-to-face communication and telephone communication?
    OK... I’d say there are several differences... With face-to-face communication, you can perhaps communicate more clearly because you can express yourself through body language and facial expressions, and also understand your conversation partner better, too. And... obviously, on the telephone, you can communicate over long distances with several people in different countries, which can be really handy. So those are a couple of differences.

  2. Do you think that people become better communicators as they get older?
    Erm... I think it depends on personality. I mean, some people become better conversationalists as they age because they have more experience communicating with people, so they learn how to express themselves effectively. But sometimes people become more stubborn as they get older, and don’t want to listen to other people, which aren’t the qualities of a good communicator. So basically, it depends, I reckon.

  3. Do you agree that education has a strong effect on people’s ability to communicate effectively?
    Yeah, I guess so. I mean, usually, the more well-educated you are, the wider your vocabulary is and the stronger your grasp of tone and register... Also... at school, you learn to communicate with lots of different people – teachers, students, maybe your classmates’ parents – and in various situations – giving presentations, writing essays, working on team projects, stuff like that. It’s hard to replicate that outside of education. So yeah, I think schooling does have an effect.

  4. What makes someone a good conversationalist?
    I’d say that various factors are important. Erm... One is that you have to be a good listener so that you can respond appropriately to what your conversation partner says. You can’t have a good conversation if you don’t listen. And... another is that you have to have a wide enough vocabulary to clearly articulate how you feel and what you think. I guess you also have to be able to judge the situation so you know what kind of speech is appropriate – jokes, formal language, that sort of thing. So those are a few qualities of good conversationalists.

     

  5. How can people improve their conversation skills?
    I think the main way is to follow others. I mean... you need to listen to successful communicators and then practise by having conversations yourself. It’s like most skills – you need to see how it’s done and then put the knowledge you gain into practice. That’s the most essential, I reckon.

  6. Do you agree that some people use technology to communicate too much?
    Yeah, sure. I mean technology is handy for communication in that it helps us to chat instantaneously and over long distances, but it shouldn’t be used too much. It’s crucial for us to talk face-to-face for us to build up our interpersonal skills, for example. Communication technology like instant messengers can also distract workers from their jobs and students from their schoolwork. And in practical terms, if everyone is looking at their phones all the time, it’s easy to get into an accident, on the road or on the street! So yeah, I think people do use it too much.

  7. What are the differences between the attitudes of the older and younger generation towards communication technology?
    I guess the elderly tend to be more suspicious of communication technology because they haven’t grown up with it so they can perhaps more fully appreciate the benefits of face-to-face communication. On the other hand... younger people grow up with that kind of technology so they accept it as normal, and can usually adapt to it more easily. So the attitudes are often distinct, I reckon.

  8. How will people communicate in the future?
    The possibilities are endless so it’s kind of hard to predict, but... If I had to say, I’d guess that people will use more sophisticated communication technology... For example, we might be able to video chat with people all around the world with just a pair of glasses or contact lenses... Something like that.



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