TIME ALLOWED:1 hour
NUMBER OF QUESTIONS:40
All answers must be written on the answer sheet
The test is divided as follows:
Section 1 Questions 1-14
Section 2 Questions 15-27
Section 3 Questions 28-40
Start at the beginning of the test and word through it. You should answer all questions. If you cannot do a particular question, leave it and go on to the next. You can return to it later.
SECTION 1 Questions 1-12
Questions 1-7 apply to the reading passage ' National Cycle Network'.
ROADS FOR PEOPLE!HELP CREATE A
National Cycle Network
The figures speak for themselves. Over 20 million cars are registered in Britain and road traffic is projected to at least double by the year 2025.
Twice as much traffic on your roads ... Imagine it !
Yet many more people would choose to make their shorter journeys by cycle -- if only the road conditions felt safe.
Now, an answer to this problem is being created
THE 5000-MILE NATIONAL CYCLY NETWORK
For fifteen years, Sustrans --it stands for 'sustainable transport'--has been building traffic-free routes for cyclists and walkers, often through the heart of towns and cities. Several hundred miles are now completed, using disused railway lines, canal towpaths, riversides and unused land. As a civil engineering charity, we work in partnership with local authorities and landowners.
We are now promoting a true national network, composed of traffic-free paths, quiet country roads, on-road cycle lanes and protected crossings.
Safe cycling networks already exist in many parts of Europe--including Denmark, Germany, Switzerland and the Netherlands. Europeans are often astonished at road dangers we put up with here.
A Danish cyclist is ten time less likely to be dilled or seriously injured-- per mile cycled--than a cyclist in Britain. Extensive national and local cycle routes there are supported by slower traffic systems on surrounding roads.
A national cycle network for Britain can help transform local transport for the twenty-first century. With your help, it really is achievable! Make a donation now!
Questions 1 and 2
Answer the questions by choosing the appropriate letters A-D and writing them in boxes 1-2 on your answer sheet.
1 Sustrans is
A a local authority B a construction company
C a civil engineering charity D a cycle network
2 How many cars are expected to be on Britain's roads in 2025?
A one million B more than 40 million
C exactly 40 million D twice as much traffic
Answer the questions using NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS from the text for each answer. Write your answers in boxes 3-7 on your answer sheet.
3 How many miles of the network have already been completed?
4 At what are other European cyclists surprised that British cyclists accept?
5 In addition to cycle networks, what does Denmark have to protect cyclists?
6 How can people help create a national cycle network in Britain?
7 Apart from cyclists, who benefits from the work of Sustrans?
Questions 8-14 apply to the reading passage 'Roads--the Facts' on the next page. Do the following statements agree with the information given in the passage?
In the boxes 8-14 on your answer sheet write:
TRUE if the statement is true
FALSE if the statement is false
NOT GIVER if the information is given in the passage
8 There might be three times as many cars in rural areas in 2025.
9 The levels of air pollution in British cities are often higher than the standards
set by the World Health Organization.
10 More German children go to school by car than British children.
11 It is believed than pollution from vehicles can make some children's illnesses
12 Most of the national cycle network will be in country areas.
13 Most towns and cities will be only 10 minutes ride away from the national
14 The national cycle network will cost the same as the national roads program.
In 1994 the Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution described 'the unrelenting growth of transport' as 'plssibly the greatest environmental threat facing the UK'.
The department of Transport predicts a doubling of traffic on 1988 levels by the year 2025. The Countryside Commission has warned that traffic through country areas may treble by then.
Vehicle exhaust is the major cause of urban air pollution. World Health Organization limits are regularly exceeded in most UK cities.
1 and 7 children suffers from asthma, thought to be exacerbated by traffic fumes.
Over 1500 wildlife sites including ancient woodlands and sites of special scientific interest are still threatened by road building.
Four times as many junior-age children are driven to school in Britain as in Germany, because of road dangers. In Holland 60 per cent of children cycle to school--compared with only 2 per cent here.
The National Cycle Network will
● Cater for all users--commuters, school-children, shoppers, family groups.
● Run right through the middle of most major towns and cities, enabling over 20
million people to ride to their nearest town centre within 10 minutes!
● Cost the equivalent of just a few weeks of the current national roads program.
● Be professionally desighed and engimeered, in cooperation with local
authorities and landowners, to create high quality router.
With your help we can build a network of commuter and liesure paths for a safer, healthier future.
SECTION 2 Questions 15-27
The text about St. Trinian's College on the following page gives the answers to questions commonly asked by the college's applicants.
There are seven sections A-G
Choose the most suitable question-heading for each section from the list below. Write the appropriate numbers (i-x) in the correct boxes on your answer sheet.
Note: There are more question-headings than sections so you will so not use all of them.
Section A vi
15 Section B 16 Section C 17 Section D
18 Section E 19 Section F 20 Section G
list of question-headings
i Which course should I apply for?
ii Are the courses full-time or part-time?
iii Are there a lot of rules?
iv How much does it cost?
v What level of education do I need to enter the college?
vi How can I apply?
vii Can the college help me to get a job?
viii When do courses start?
ix What assistance is given to foreign students?
St. Trinian's College
What applicants usually want to know--the questions we are most commonly asked.
You can dither phone for an interview or complete the attached form indicating which course you would like to take and return it to us by post, enclosing the registration free.
If you have difficulty in deciding which program would most effectively meet your needs ,our academic counselors can help you
Our tuition fees are listed on the back of the enrolment form.
All long courses follow the academic year, but with shout course this is not possible. Full details of term dates will be mailed to you on request.
Our overseas student office will assist with immigration procedures and can also give advice on accommodation and other matters. We do everything we can to hepl overseas students settle in .
Most of our courses include curriculum vitae writing and interview skills. Through our extensive contacts in the local business community we are often in a position to help graduates find suitable employment.
The college is a friendly place and has a pleasant, relaxed atmosphere. The few regulations that are enforced are mainly a matter of common sense, concerned with respecting the rights of fellow students and staff .For students studying practical, job training courses, it is compulsory to wear clothing which is appropriate to their workplace.
The following form gives information on the terms and conditions of enrolment of a college.
Answer these questions in NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS.
Write you answers in boxes 21-27 on your answer sheet.
21 Who does the college inform if a student does not attend classes?
22 If a student cannot speak English well, what does he or she have to agree to
23 Who provides pens ,pencils, books and other equipment?
24 Course fees cannot be paid in cash. How do course fees have to be paid?
25 What happens to an application fee if the course is cancelled?
26 To obtain the maximum refund, what is the shortest notice of withdrawal a
student can give?
27 If a student wants to change courses and go to a different college, to whom
must he or she apply?
TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF ENRLOMENTS
Pull-fee paying international students are required to:
study on a full-time basis
comply with the visa regulation that at least 90 per cent attendance must be
maintained. The college is required to notify the immigration authorities of
unsatisfactory attendance which may result in the termination of the visa
have adequate English language proficiency for the selected mainstream
course or undertake to do an ELICOS course first
participate in orientation activities.
Note: You are advised to read and understand the conditions set out in the government acceptance advice form when you sign the declaration because you are required to comply with those conditions as international student in Australia.
The non-refundable application fee is $100.
1 The course fees set for 1997-1998 are:
Certificate Courses A$ 10 200 per year
Advanced Certificate Courses A$ 10 200 per year
Associated Diploma Courses A$ 10 200 per year
ELICOS A$ 5 950 20 weeks
VCE A$ 5 600 20 weeks
2 The annual course fee includes the full cost of tuition and educational services
provided by the college. Textbooks, equipment, tools, stationery and any other
individual requirements that you may need in your studies are your
3 Fee payment instructions are notified in the letter of provisional acceptance
and fees must be paid by the date specified in the letter.
4 All tuition fees must be paid by bankdraft and made payable to King George's
College of TAFE.
a) If notice of withdrawal is received by the college less than two (2) weeks
before the course commences, no refund is given.
b) If written notice of withdrawal is given to the college less than four (4) weeks
but more than two (2) weeks before the commencement of the course, 50 per
cent of the course fee will be refunded.
c) If written notice of withdrawal is received by the college at least (4) weeks
before the course commences, 80 per cent of the tuition fee will be refunded.
All notices of withdrawal must be in writing and addressed to the Manager, International Student Programs
The notice of withdrawal should state name, course, date of commencement and reason for withdrawal.
TRANSFER TO ANOTHER INSTITUTION
Applications for transfer must be made in writing to International Student Programs stating reasons, and a copy of the acceptance letter from the receiving institution must be attached. Fees to be transferred will be subject to the refund policy.
Note: The college will not be responsible for any monies made payable to any agent.
SECTION 3 Questions 28-29
The passage 'The Panda's Last Chance' has 6 paragraphs labelled A-F.
Which paragraphs contain the following information?
Write the appropriate letters A-F in boxes 28-31 on y0our answer sheet. You only need ONE letter for each answer.
Note: You may use each letter more than once
Where panda habitats are located. A
28 The separation of panda groups.
29 The panda's diet.
30 The illegal killing of pandas.
31 Why pandas' living areas have been reduced.
THE PANDA'S LAST CHANCE
Chinese authorities have devised an ambitious plan to save the giant panda from the ravages of deforestation. Martin Williams assesses the creature's chances of avoiding extinction.
A The giant panda, the creature that has become a symbol of conservation, is facing extinction. The major reason is loss of habitat, which has continued despite the establishment, since 1963, of 14 panda reserves. Deforestation, mainly carried out by farmers clearing land to make way for fields as they move higher into the mountains, has drastically contracted the mammal's range. The panda has disappeared from much of central and eastern China, and is now restricted to the eastern flank of the Himalayas in Sichuan and Gansu provinces, and the Qinling Mountains Shaanxi province. Fewer than 1400 of the animals are believed to remain in the wild.
B Satellite imagery has shown the seriousness of the situation; almost half ot the panda's habitat has been cut or degraded since 1975, Worse, the surviving panda population has also become fragmented ;a combination of satellite imagery and ground surveys reveals panda' islands' in patches of forest separated by cleared land. The population of these islands ,ranging from fewer than ten to more than 50 pandas, has become isolated because the animals are loath to cross open areas. Just putting a road through panda habitat may be enough to split a population in two.
C The minuscule size of the panda populations worries conservationists. The smallest groups have too few animals to be viable, and will inevitably die out. The larger populations may be viable in the short term, but will be susceptible to genetic defects as a result of inbreeding.
D In these circumstances, a more traditional threat to pandas--the cycle of flowering and subsequent withering of the bamboo that is their staple food--can become literally species-threatening. The flowerings prompt pandas to move from one area to another, thus preventing inbreeding in otherwise sedentary populations. In panda islands, however, bamboo flowering could prove catastrophic because the pandas are unable to emigrate.
E The latest conservation management plan for the panda, prepared by China's Ministry of Forestry and World Wide Fund for Nature, aims primarily to maintain panda habitats and to ensure that populations are linked wherever possible .The plan will change some existing reserve boundaries, establish 14 new reserves and protect or replant corridors of forest between panda islands. Other measures include better control of poaching, which remains. a problem. despite strict laws, as panda skins fetch high prices; which remains a problem despite strict laws, as panda skins fetch high prices; reducing the degradation of habitats outside reserves; and reforestation.
F The plan is ambitious. Implementation will be expensive--Yuan 56.66 million (US$12.5 million) will be needed for the development of the panda reserves-- and will require participation by individuals ranging from villagers to government officials.
There are several problems affecting the panda. From the list below, choose 2 more problems which are mentioned in the reading passage.
Write the appropriate numbers (i-vi) in boxes 32 and 33 no your answer sheet.
i pandas prefer to inbreed
ii panda groups are getting too small
iii panda habitats have shrunk
iv pandas move to other countries
v more bamboo is withering
vi panda groups are isolated
Below is a summary of the reading passage 'The panda's last Chance'. Complete the summary by choosing words from the box following the summary. Write your answers in boxes 34-40 on your answer sheet.
Note: There are more words than spaces so you will not use them all .You may use any word more than once.
The survival of the giant panda is being seriously threatened. Panda numbers have already seriously ......(34).... .This is largely because the overall size of their habitat has been reduced and habitable areas are now ....(35).... from each other. Two results are that pandas are more prone to genetic .....(36).... and are unable to move around freely to follow the ....(37).... cycles of the bamboo that they eat. A new plan is aiming to protect the existing panda habitats and to ....(38).... many of them. This plan also includes reforestation and the creation of new ....(39).... To succeed ,everyone, including both the government and individuals, will have to ....(40).... .
survival disconnected dominated
decreased problems join
increased growth reserves
food cooperate disconnect
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